Name

ELANE Gene

elastase, neutrophil expressed

Elastases form a subfamily of serine proteases that hydrolyze many proteins in addition to elastin. Humans have six elastase genes which encode the structurally similar proteins. The product of this gene hydrolyzes proteins within specialized neutrophil lysosomes, called azurophil granules, as well as proteins of the extracellular matrix following the protein's release from activated neutrophils. The enzyme may play a role in degenerative and inflammatory diseases by its proteolysis of collagen-IV and elastin of the extracellular matrix. This protein degrades the outer membrane protein A (OmpA) of E. coli as well as the virulence factors of such bacteria as Shigella, Salmonella and Yersinia. Mutations in this gene are associated with cyclic neutropenia and severe congenital neutropenia (SCN). This gene is clustered with other serine protease gene family members, azurocidin 1 and proteinase 3 genes, at chromosome 19pter. All 3 genes are expressed coordinately and their protein products are packaged together into azurophil granules during neutrophil differentiation. [provided by RefSeq, May 2009]

elane Gene Set

From GeneRIF Biological Term Annotations

genes co-occuring with the biological term elane in literature-supported statements describing functions of genes from the GeneRIF Biological Term Annotations dataset.

ELANE Gene Set

From Pathway Commons Protein-Protein Interactions

interacting proteins for ELANE from the Pathway Commons Protein-Protein Interactions dataset.